So, how much did the NAS project really cost? I want to discuss this topic because i have seen they sell NAS servers at a start price around 99 USD. So what is the best? Building your own or buy a 99 USD one.
Are you a simple guy or a tech guy?
I think most of the time this matters. Are you a simple guy who just want to store your files somewhere? Then the 99 USD NAS is probably something for you. If you are like me, and like to build PC stuff, you would probably do the same as me and buy the parts to build your own NAS. Access to old computers for power supply and cables would probably be a advantage.
A cheaper alternative
Raspberry pie– Raspberry pie is a small motherboard that includes a CPU, RAM and a place to store your SD Card. And here you can get a lot of stuff very cheap. But something that your should think of, is that you also need to power the drives, so you would still need a power supply. One time saw a picture of a card that you could connect to the raspberry pi, something like a SAS card. Tell me in the comments if you know anything about this.
Not making a Mini-ITX NAS – I chose to use a Mini-ITX motherboard, because i wanted to use the Fractal Design Node 304 case. But you can choose whatever motherboard you want. I have seen some motherboards that already have up to 6 sata slots, so here you save money on a lot of stuff. You would not need a sata card, the case could be some old free junk with a power supply. Look for an old motherboard that supports LGA775 processors and you would be good to go. Also, buying an old motherboard that supports Intel Xeon CPU’s is also not a bad idea, but the motherboards do not always fit with modern cases, so you should get one with a case.
Buying the 99 USD one from Amazon – The easiest choice is to buy one, but that is no fun. But if you are a simple guy, it is probably the best. But some disadvantages is that you probably cannot install FreeNAS and install stuff like Plex Media Server, Transmission and so on.
Product list with final price for a NAS server
So i want to show you how much i used on the NAS. Let us take a look! Tell me in the comments of what you think of the total cost of the NAS server. Remember that i already had the disks, i did get a free power supply, sata cables and some RAM and i did also get the Fractal Design Node 304 cheap from a local store.
I got the Fractal Design Node 304, and i am now ready to build!
I chose to buy the white Node 304 because everything i have is black, and well if my server was going to be black it would be boring. But this case have a white finish with some black details that i think is very nice. Also, the case comes space for six drives. I have been thinking about if i am going to have 6 drives or not, and i think i will go with just 4 HDD’s and two SSD’s. One SSD for FreeNAS and one for the jails and plugins. But buying SSD’s and new drives will be later, because i can’t afford that right now.
Building the server!
So building the server went nearly without problems. Some stuff that i had problems with:
The cables were too long, from the case and the power supply. But i managed to do some cable management.
Screws were to hard, or maybe i had a bad screwdriver. And even the “hand tight” screws, could not be tightened or opened hand tight without the screwdriver.
This has nothing to do with the case, but the power for the harddrives were a bit short. So i had to choose to either power the SSD or my old Samsung drive. And i had to use the SSD for the OS, so my old drive will be without power for some time. In the future when i need the extra disk i am going to buy this 4X SATA power splitter cable.
And som positive stuff:
They included three fans! And they are really quiet, even on high speed.
Fan controller with a fan speed of slow, medium and fast. It had connectors to all three fans that came with the case.
Making everything fit was no problem, i can say that the designers did some good job with that.
It includes the cap that you can fit on top of the motherboard mounts, so you can use your screwdriver to tighten them.
Cable management was a bit hard with all the cables. But a pluss is that the designers tried to make it more easy with cable management slots.
Here are some pictures of the final build, please do not get a heart attack when you see the cable management.
Something that you should think of before buying the case, is that you do need an Mini ITX motherboard. I can believe that some guy bought this with a normal motherboard an was like, “Why doesn’t this fit!?”.
It have been some time since i posted about the FreeNAS server. And a lot have been done since then. I got the $22 USD 30GB SSD and the Marvell 88SE9215 Sata card. And i can confirm that the Sata card works perfectly without any issues. I did also get 2 free cables which is nice. The card also came with a normal- and a small bracket for probably mounting in smaller PC cases. I can also confirm that i have bought the Fractal Design Node 304 case, but it is still on the way. A friend had an old Lenovo desktop computer, and he gave me the power supply for free. Also the PC had computer memory that did fit in my motherboard, that i also got for free, so i am on 4 GB total of computer memory.
I wanted to build this server that much that i could not wait no more, so i took the cardboard the motherboard came with and, well, made a server out of it.
What do you guys think? Pretty neat huh?
And yeah it works! But it will be great to get the Node 304 so i can start building the server for real.
Marvell 88SE9215 Sata card
Like i said, the card works with my seagate drives and can handle raid. Here is what is looks like inside the cardboard server:
New quad core CPU
I installed Plex Media Server inside FreeNAS and everything worked fine until i tried to stream the highest quality of my tv shows. The show started, but then begin to stop and start all the time, that was very annoying. I checked where the bottle neck was, and it looks like it could be my dual core 3.0 Ghz E5700. So i decided to buy a new one, and the best and cheapest alternative was the Intel Q8400 that is a quad core 2.66 Ghz CPU. And yes, i did already buy it, but installing it will happen when the Node 304 arrive.
Only 100 Mbit/s transfer speed 🙁
Something i noticed when i transferred files to the server, is that i only had a 100 Mbit/s transfer speed. And that was way to slow. Especially with my new CAT6 internet cables. After searching the whole web and i could not get any answer, i asked on a forum. They told me to change the port my internet cable was connected to in my Dlink router and voila, it works! I do finally get 1000 Mbit/s transfer speed, much faster than 100 Mbit/s.